Carlyle, Thomas

► (1795-1881) Ensayista e historiador escocés. Su obra capital es Los héroes y su culto (1841), en que expone su teoría sobre el dominio del hombre en la historia.

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(4 dic. 1795, Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Escocia–5 feb. 1881, Londres, Inglaterra).

Historiador y ensayista escocés. Hijo de un albañil, Carlyle fue criado en un hogar estrictamente calvinista y se educó en la Universidad de Edimburgo. Se trasladó a Londres en 1834. Era un idealista incansable, irritable y porfiadamente independiente, lo que le confirió el estatus de líder moral en el ámbito de la literatura victoriana. Su ensayo humorístico Sartor Resartus (1836) es una mescolanza fantástica de autobiografía y filosofía alemana. The French Revolution [La Revolución francesa], 3 vol. (1837), tal vez su logro más significativo, contiene pasajes de un brillante estilo historiográfico y notables estudios del carácter de varias figuras históricas. En Los héroes y el culto de los héroes (1841) expresó su admiración por la fuerza, particularmente cuando va unida a la convicción de tener una misión divina. Publicó más tarde un estudio sobre Oliver Cromwell (1845) y una extensa biografía de Federico II, 6 vol. (1858–65).

Thomas Carlyle, detalle de una pintura al óleo de G.F. Watts, 1877; National Portrait ...
By courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, London

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Carlyle, Thomas — (1795–1881)    A prominent biographer, historian, and activist in nineteenth century Britain. A Scot, Carlyle was educated at the University of Edinburgh before moving to London to pursue a literary career. His knowledge of Germany, its… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Carlyle, Thomas — born Dec. 4, 1795, Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Scot. died Feb. 5, 1881, London, Eng. Scottish historian and essayist. The son of a mason, Carlyle was reared in a strict Calvinist household and educated at the University of Edinburgh. He moved to… …   Universalium

  • Carlyle, Thomas — (1795–1881)    Historian and Popular Philosopher.    Carlyle was educated at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. He was the author of several well received works of history – The French Revolution, Oliver Cromwell and Frederick the Great. He …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Carlyle, Thomas — (1795 1881)    Historian and essayist, was b. at Ecclefechan in Dumfriesshire. His f., James C., was a stonemason, a man of intellect and strong character, and his mother was, as he said, of the fairest descent, that of the pious, the just, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Carlyle, Thomas — (1795–1881) Writer and social prophet. Carlyle was born in Ecclefechan in Scotland, but uneasily lost his Calvinist faith, and became influenced by German Romanticism . He translated Goethe s Wilhelm Meister s Apprenticeship in 1824, and… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • CARLYLE, THOMAS —    born in the village of Ecclefechan, Annandale, Dumfriesshire; son of James Carlyle, a stone mason, and afterwards a small farmer, a man of great force, penetration, and integrity of character, and of Margaret Aitken, a woman of deep piety and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Carlyle,Thomas — Car·lyle (kär līlʹ, kärʹlīl), Thomas. 1795 1881. British historian and essayist whose works, such as The French Revolution (1837), are characterized by his trenchant social and political criticism and his complex literary style. * * * …   Universalium

  • Carlyle, Thomas —  (1795–1881) Scottish historian …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • CARLYLE, Thomas — (1795 1881)    Scottish essayist who popularized GOETHE and German ROMANTICISM in England and profoundly influenced EMERSON S TRANSCENDENTALISM. After a period of initial skepticism, during which time he influenced such people as George ELLIOT,… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Carlyle — Carlyle, Thomas …   Philosophy dictionary

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